Skin Type – The Basics:
Skin is the body’s largest organ and it is an incredibly resilient piece of work and one that adapts very well to it’s rapidly changing environment. Knowing your true skin type, the type of skin that you have under ideal environmental conditions – is the first step in selecting the products that meet your unique needs.
Normal skin is never too oily or too dry. You can tell normal skin type by it’s texture and appearance. Pores are small. The skin has an even tone and is moderately thick, smooth and firm with excellent elasticity and moisture. If you have normal skin – you can stick with a daily cleanse, tone and moisturize routine and a wash-scrub-spray for the rest of your body.
Oily skin is typically thicker and firmer with less sensitivity to chemicals, environmental factors and fragrances. Pores are medium to large in size and sometimes become clogged with a sebaceous material that causes blackheads. whiteheads or blemishes. You need products that are designed to reduce the oils produced – try a glycolic facial cleanser, followed by astringent and an oil free face lotion, every morning after you shower. Try to avoid cheap mass- market soaps and harsh detergents and scrub every other day. Based on your routine a mask can also be applied once a week. Avoid all over body moisturizers. Tone after exercise as this will close the pores keeping dirt/ bacteria out. Use an astringent aftershave instead of a shave balm.
Dry skin is usually thin, easily irritated; feels tight and rough to the touch and you may be able to dust away a layer of flakes. In fact you most likely have normal skin but have not been treating it with enough products, especially in certain harsh and cold climates. Follow the same routine, as for normal skin and use a hydrating moisturizer, this should re-balance your skin type. If you skin is extremely dry, it may be advised to see a dermatologist. If you have normal skin – you can stick with a daily cleanse, tone and moisturize routine and a wash-scrub-spray for the rest of your body.
If you have moderate or severe reaction to the sun, wind, temperature extremes, cheaper shave creams, fragrances, soaps, alcohol based deodorants – your skin seems to itch or sting. Be very careful about the products that you choose for your skin. Even with finer botanical ingredients some products may still cause a reaction, due to the strength of the ingredients. For shaving, try a gel instead of a cream. Follow up with an aftershave balm that has a little sun protection factor in it. Bathe with a glycerin soap bar and avoid fragrances. Choose the sensitive skin lines and when possible seek samples to try first, this will be the true test for your skin and if it is able to handle it.
Most combination skin consists of an oily “T” zone (forehead, nose and chin) with dry cheeks and eye areas. Treat each area according to what you have read above for the other skin types and based on your routine, mask your “T” zone 2-4 times a month to even things out.
The pores on your face and very large. Your skin is excessively oily and prone to acne or frequent outbreaks of blackheads, whiteheads and blemishes. Consult a determologist, as you may need prescription medication for such a condition. Wash your face twice daily with a mild cleanser and pat dry. Try to use toiletries that are specifically marked “noncomedogenic” . Avoid products that could activate your acne such as oils, irritating clothing, use protective clothing and sunscreens/sunblocks. A supplement such as evening primrose oil helps to balance hormone levels in the body and is excellent for clearing up problem skin.
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